The Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan) is located in the north-east of Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country with a rich natural diversity such as high peaks, glaciers, lakes and other attractions. In November 2015, the resident population has exceeded 6 millions.
The main part of the population is represented by Kyrgyz Nationality, which increased from 72.6 to 72.8 percent in relation to the total population. Since 2009, this figure increased by 2 percent. The second largest ethnic group among the peoples living in the country are Uzbeks (14.5), followed by Russian (6.2%), Dungans (1.1%), Tajiks and Uighurs (by 0.9%), Turks (0 , 7%), as well as Kazakhs (0.6%).
Kyrgyzstan gained its independence on 31 August 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union and embarked on a transition to a democratic system of governance and market economy. For the past 20 years the country has experienced many upheavals of political, economic and social nature. In March 2005 and April 2010, angered by a sharp deterioration in the socio-economic situation and the unchecked growth of corruption, citizens of the country toppled the then-Presidents. Then in June 2010 in the south of the country more than 400 people were killed in the armed conflict between ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks, which lasted for several days. The government managed to stabilize the situation with the support of the international community, which has offered humanitarian aid, support for infrastructure reconstruction projects and confidence-building measures.
After the events of April 2010, a national referendum endorsed a new Constitution which defined the parliamentary form of government. Kyrgyzstan has become the first parliamentary republic in Central Asia. In October 2015 in Kyrgyzstan parliamentary elections were held. The parliamentary elections in Kyrgyzstan were competitive and provided voters with a wide range of choice and the stand out in a regional context, and marks an important milestone in the democratic transformation of the country.
Kyrgyzstan is a member of many international organizations, including the UN, World Trade Organization and Shanghai Cooperation Organization. In 2015 Kyrgyzstan acceded to the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).
According to the global 2015 Human Development Report Kyrgyzstan has improved its position by 5 points and took 120th place (2014-125 place), its Human Development Index rating of 0.655.
Despite some improvement and progress socio-economic situation in Kyrgyzstan remains complicated. GDP growth of - 3.5%. At the end of 2015 the rate of inflation - 3.4% (2014 - 10.5%). According to the National Statistic Committee’s data in extreme poverty live 1,2% (2014 – 2,8%). The numbers of people live below the poverty level - 30.6%. Nearly three-quarters of the poor live in rural areas. In this regard, the supreme goal of the Kyrgyz-German development cooperation is poverty reduction.
Since 2002, DVV International has supported adult education and lifelong learning in Kyrgyzstan;
a country office was opened in Bishkek in 2012.
Kyrgyzstan is one of a group of countries with “medium-level human development”. Through courses for non-formal vocational and civic education, DVV International supports socially disadvantaged groups in Kyrgyzstan, including the unemployed, prisoners, socially disadvantaged young people and women. The country office also further strengthens the capacity of adult education institutions and their representatives, thus contributing to improving the quality of education in the country. Through policy advice, the conducting of studies and the transfer of German and European practices in the field of adult education and lifelong learning, it also contributes to the sustainable improvement of the framework of the education sector in Kyrgyzstan.
Improvement of educational offers for socially disadvantaged groups: For socially disadvantaged groups such as the unemployed, prisoners, women and young people from rural areas, labour market oriented training courses are offered in cooperation with adult education centres in different provinces of Kyrgyzstan
Strengthening the capacity of adult education centres in Kyrgyzstan: In order to improve the quality of the courses offered, DVV International works in different regions of the Republic with the Kyrgyz adult education centres. This includes the further training of educational and administrative personnel, the updating of curricula and the preparing of materials.
Strengthening of the Kyrgyz Adult Education Association: DVV International contributes to strengthening of the Kyrgyz Adult Education Association and supports it in its civil society engagement and in its role as stakeholder representative of adult education. Moreover, DVV International promotes cooperation of the association with other adult education networks from the Central Asian region, but also with trans-national networks such as ASPBAE, the Asia South Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education.
Promoting the national and international exchange of issues related to adult education: Through consultation, study tours and the organisation of roundtables and conferences in collaboration with national and international actors, DVV International contributes to the improvement of conditions in the education sector. In order to promote international exchanges, DVV International supports the participation of Kyrgyz adult educators as well as decision-makers in regional and international events.
Among the partners of DVV International in Kyrgyzstan, both state and non-state actors are included. State partners of DVV International are the State Prison System Administration and the Agency for Vocational Training at the Ministry of Youth, Labour and Employment of the Kyrgyz Republic. The non-governmental partners include the Kyrgyz Adult Education Association (KAEA) and its member organisations – adult education centres and the non-governmental organisations “Institute of Youth development” and “Youth of Osh”. An international partner is the German Institute for Adult Education (DIE).